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HIV/AIDS <h2 class="sectHeading">What is HIV?</h2><p>HIV is a virus that enters the body, multiplies quickly and attacks the immune system. When the immune system is so weak that it can’t heal the body, the person with HIV starts to have illnesses like pneumonia, <a href="">TB</a> and severe diarrhoea. These are called HIV-related illnesses or “opportunistic infections”.</p><div class="notification with-heading dark-copy light-blue bg-light-grey"><div class="graphic with-border"> <i class="info fastfact"></i> </div><div class="desc"><h4>Fast fact</h4><p>Due to anti-retroviral treatment (ART), HIV can now be treated as a chronic rather than a fatal condition.​</p></div></div><p>​​​​​​The City has made fighting HIV/AIDS one of its healthcare priorities. Together with the <a href="" target="_blank">Western Cape Government Health Department<i class="icon link-external"></i></a> and other local organisations, we are aiming to greatly reduce the number of new infections – especially amongst the youth.​ If we can all understand HIV and AIDS better, we can make smarter choices about our lifestyles; this will help reduce the risk of infection in our society and will guide us to the right treatment should we have the disease.</p><div class="notification with-heading dark-copy light-blue bg-light-grey"><div class="graphic with-border"> <i class="info quickstat"></i> </div><div class="desc"><h4>Quick statS</h4><p>South Africa is home to the world's largest population of people living with HIV.<br><br> The number of cases of HIV in Cape Town is stabilising, although in some areas it still sits at a very high level.<br><br> In the 2013 Antenatal HIV Survey in Cape Town, 19.7% of pregnant women in that survey were infected and 34.4% of pregnant women in Khayelitsha.<br><br> In 2013, 17.1 % of the sample of women in antenatal care in the Western Cape was recorded as infected and 29.7% of those in the antenatal sample in South Africa as a whole. </p></div></div><h2 class="sectHeading">Symptoms of HIV</h2><p>The symptoms of HIV become more serious and occur more often as the immune system worsens – especially if the person does not receive treatment. This may lead to Stage 4 illness and the diagnosis of AIDS.</p><p> <b>Depending on the stage of illness, symptoms may include the following:</b></p><ul><li>Short flu-like illness</li><li>Swollen glands</li><li>Candida (oral or vaginal thrush)</li><li>Skin rashes</li><li>Weight loss</li><li>Diarrhoea</li><li>Opportunistic infections – like <a href="">TB</a> and pneumonia</li></ul><p>Download our Health Symptoms of HIV poster below and share it with your family, school or community centre.</p> <span> <div class="infographic bg-font-adjust-bg">​​​​​​​​​ <figure> <img class="responsive" alt="placeholder" src="" /></figure> <figcaption> <p> <span class="infoGraphicSpan">POSTER<br>​​<strong>HEALTH SYMPTOMS OF HIV</strong></span></p> <a title="Health symptoms of HIV poster" class="btn dark-blue" href="" target="_blank"><i class="icon download"></i>Download PDF</a> </figcaption> </div></span> <h2 class="sectHeading">How is HIV spread?</h2><p>The most common way of spreading the HIV virus is through unprotected sex (vaginal, oral or anal sex) with someone who already has the virus. This is because HIV is found in semen and vaginal fluids and is easily transmitted through them.</p><div class="notification with-heading dark-copy light-blue bg-light-grey"><div class="graphic with-border"> <i class="info fastfact"></i> </div><div class="desc"><h4>Fast fact</h4><p> <b>HIV</b> = Human Immunodeficiency Virus<br><b>AIDS</b> = Acquired Immu​ne Deficiency Syndrome </p></div></div><p>The virus can also be spread from an HIV positive mother to her baby during pregnancy, as she is giving birth or when breast-feeding. It’s very important for pregnant women to understand treatment options if they know they are HIV positive. You can do this at one of our <a href="">clinics and healthcare facilities</a>. </p><p> <strong>The virus can also pass from the blood of one person to another through:</strong></p><ul><li>sharing needles or syringes (drug users);</li><li>an open cut or wound; and</li><li>accidental exposure to infected blood.</li></ul><p> <b>HIV is NOT transmitted by:</b></p><ul><li>eating food prepared by someone with HIV;</li><li>sharing cups, plates or knives;</li><li>working or living with someone who has HIV;</li><li>touching, hugging, kissing or shaking hands;</li><li>sneezing, coughing, tears or saliva;</li><li>swimming pools, baths or public toilets;</li><li>telephones, towels or clothing; and</li><li>mosquitoes or other insects.</li></ul><h2 class="sectHeading">Preventing HIV infection</h2><h4>Consider the <strong>ABC</strong> of HIV prevention:</h4><ul><li> <b>A</b>bstain from sex.</li><li> <b>B</b>e faithful to one partner</li><li>Use a <b>C</b>ondom every time you have sex</li></ul> <span> <div class="notification with-heading dark-copy light-blue bg-light-grey"><div class="graphic with-border"> <i class="info fastfact">​​</i></div><div class="desc"><h4>men's health​</h4><p> The City works in conjunction with a non-governmental organisation, <a href="" target="_blank">TB/HIV Care Association<i class="icon link-external"></i></a>, and the<a href="" target="_blank"> Western Cape Health Department<i class="icon link-external"></i></a> to promote safe adult male circumcision as a way to prevent the spread of HIV. </p></div></div></span> <p> We provide pre-circumcision checks, counselling and referrals to circumcision facilities. See a list of facilities below:</p><ul><li> <a href="">Site B Men’s Clinic</a></li><li> <a href="" target="_blank">Site C Men’s Clinic</a></li><li> <a href="">Gugulethu Men’s Clinic</a></li><li> <a href="">Men’s Health satellite clinic</a></li><li> <a href="">Kuyasa Men’s Clinic</a> (operated by Western Cape Health Department)</li></ul><h4> If you have HIV:</h4><ul><li>Do not have unprotected sex with someone who also has HIV. If you are infected with another strain of HIV, your immune system will become even weaker. Always <a href="">wear a condom</a>.</li><li> <strong>For pregnant women:</strong> Start anti-retroviral (ARV) treatment early in your pregnancy to avoid transmission of HIV to your baby.</li><li> <strong>For mothers: </strong>Follow your health care worker’s advice on feeding your child. Please go to your <a href="">nearest clinic </a> for more information.</li></ul><h2 class="sectHeading">Treating HIV</h2><p>Visit your nurse or doctor if you become unwell or display any of the symptoms described above. Many of the HIV-related illnesses HIV-positive people develop are treatable, particularly when diagnosed early; some can even be prevented. HIV treatment usually involves the prevention and treatment of opportunistic infections, including TB, as well as antiretroviral treatment (ART) for those with HIV. </p><div class="notification with-heading dark-copy light-blue bg-light-grey"><div class="graphic with-border"> <i class="info fastfact"></i> </div><div class="desc"><h4>Fast fact</h4><p>ARVs are not a cure for HIV/AIDS, but they do lower the level of the virus in the blood, which allows the immune system to recover. People taking ARVs (and with a suppressed viral load) find that their appetite improves, they pick up weight if their weight was low before and problems like diarrhoea or skin rashes clear up.</p></div></div><p>For up to date information on when ART should be started, please see <a href="">The Western Cape Consolidated Guidelines for HIV Treatment</a>.</p><p>The City of Cape Town’s Health Department has partnered with <a href="" target="_blank">ANOVA Health Institute<i class="icon link-external"></i></a> since June 2019 to strengthen strategies in the fight against HIV and AIDS.</p> <span> <div class="notification with-heading dark-copy light-blue bg-light-grey"><div class="graphic with-border"> <i class="info quickstat">​​</i> </div><div class="desc"><h4>Quick stat</h4><p>South Africa aims to have at least 7 million people on Anti-Retroviral Treatment (ART) by September 2020 - up from the current figure of just under 5 million. </p></div></div></span> <p>In 2018, it was estimated that there were 37,9 million people living with HIV (PLHIV) globally. In South Africa, it is estimated that 7,7 million people are living with HIV, this is the highest number of people in the world.</p> <span> <div class="image-gallery-slider img-gal-1" id="img-gal-1" data-slides="3" data-slide="1" style="height:493.5px;"><div class="image-gallery-content" style="height:414px;">​​​ <figure class="itemSlide slide-left slide-1"> <img class="responsive" src="" alt="" style="display:none;" /> <figcaption class="image-slide-text" style="display:none;">Number of people living with HIV and accessing treatment globally</figcaption> </figure> <figure class="itemSlide slide-left slide-2"> <img class="responsive" src="" alt="" style="display:none;" /> <figcaption class="image-slide-text" style="display:none;">South Africa has the highest number of PLHIV globally </figcaption> </figure><figure class="itemSlide slide-left slide-3"> <img class="responsive" src="" alt="" style="display:none;" /> <figcaption class="image-slide-text" style="display:none;">Our <a href="" target="_blank">antiretroviral clinics</a> <i class="icon link-external"></i> make it easier for HIV patients to get access to their medication and healthcare. </figcaption> </figure> </div><div class="image-gallery-control"><div class="image-gallery-caption"> </div><div class="image-gallery-nav"><div class="nav-info">1 of 3</div><div class="slide-next"> <i class="icon arrow-white-next"></i> </div><div class="slide-prev"> <i class="icon arrow-white-prev"></i>​​</div></div></div></div></span> <h2 class="sectHeading">Children and HIV</h2><p>If your child has HIV from birth, he or she needs to start ART (anti-retroviral treatment) as soon as the HIV has been diagnosed. Please consult with a health care practitioner for more information on how to take care of your child.</p><div class="notification with-heading dark-copy pink bg-light-grey"><div class="graphic with-border"> <i class="info remember"></i> </div><div class="desc"><h4>Remember</h4><p>Staying healthy by <a href="">caring for your body </a>can help your body fight HIV-related illnesses</p></div></div><h2 class="sectHeading">Find treatment</h2><p> If you are in Cape Town, you can find treatment with the City or with the Provincial Government’s health facilities.</p><p> <strong>Find the best option near you:</strong></p><ul><li> See all <a href="">City clinics and healthcare facilities</a> and filter down to see which provide general HIV services and ART services</li><li> <a href="" target="_blank">Provincial health facilities with HIV services<i class="icon link-external"></i></a></li><li> <a href="" target="_blank">Tertiary hospitals with HIV services<i class="icon link-external"></i></a></li><li> <a href="" target="_blank">Provincial clinics with ART</a><a href="" target="_blank"><i class="icon link-external"></i></a></li></ul><h2 class="sectHeading">HIV FAQs</h2><p> <b>#1 Why should I get tested?</b><br> Knowing your HIV status means that you can take the right steps to look after your health – and to avoid infecting others.</p><p>Find a <a href="">clinic</a> near you where you can check your status.</p><p> <b>#2 What does an HIV test involve?</b><br>The test is quick and free and can be done at your nearest clinic. After you’ve agreed to the test (no one can force you!), blood will be taken from a finger prick. You will be counselled and a trained health care worker will give the test result to you.</p><p> <b>#3 My test says I’m HIV positive. What next?</b><br> Receiving a positive test result is never easy, but you can still live a healthy life for a long time if you look after yourself and get treatment. Speak to your clinic about getting the right treatment and support. If the facility doesn’t provide antiretroviral treatment (ART), you will be referred to a clinic that does.</p><div class="notification with-heading dark-copy pink bg-light-grey"><div class="graphic with-border"> <i class="info note"></i> </div><div class="desc"><h4>Please note</h4><p>Your HIV information will remain confidential. You can decide who you want to tell! However it is important to discuss your HIV status with your sexual partners so they can also be tested. Always use protection.</p></div></div><p> <b>#4 What is the link between HIV and TB?</b><br> Certain diseases occur more frequently and are more severe in people with weakened immune systems. These are known as ‘opportunistic infections’. TB (tuberculosis) is one of the most common opportunistic infections in HIV-positive people. By taking anti-retrovirals (ARVs) to manage your HIV, you can ward off TB.</p><p> <b>#5 I’m pregnant and HIV positive. Will my baby have HIV?</b><br> It is very important for HIV-positive mothers to start anti-retroviral (ARV) treatment early in their pregnancy to avoid transmission of HIV to their babies. Babies should also go for frequent check-ups after the birth and mothers should follow strict guidelines about feeding.</p>GP0|#36dc68da-1293-4e9d-b530-a96ba91a108d;L0|#036dc68da-1293-4e9d-b530-a96ba91a108d|HIV and AIDS;GTSet|#ef3a64a2-d764-44bc-9d69-3a63d3fadea1;GPP|#29d3d5b5-6925-47c8-aa75-e5870bf478ca;GPP|#090e430c-3809-42d5-a80b-caea93b2beaf;GPP|#245ec7aa-a528-4cd3-bcac-597c292db711;GP0|#cbfeaf68-72bd-4477-8f83-36c828283219;L0|#0cbfeaf68-72bd-4477-8f83-36c828283219|HIV and AIDS;GPP|#d65ab879-2884-426b-a380-7b8f9433c812;GP0|#c7b794c6-c148-4231-aae2-aa42c9579f5b;L0|#0c7b794c6-c148-4231-aae2-aa42c9579f5b|HIV + AIDS;GPP|#efa62315-f7b4-4cf5-8d1b-b074b98de032;GPP|#36dcb5fe-6bfc-4ae9-92d7-8bd08d1f6414;GPP|#af370586-9ba3-404a-9d6e-02066ca42752;GP0|#227a87f7-5eeb-48ee-82fa-d15f31a3bc50;L0|#0227a87f7-5eeb-48ee-82fa-d15f31a3bc50|HIV and AIDS;GPP|#4d9ccd12-a383-4753-97d8-71d13417b782;GP0|#6a87c559-7a0e-4583-b374-63f7530807b9;L0|#06a87c559-7a0e-4583-b374-63f7530807b9|HIV and AIDS;GPP|#2e91f663-1e15-45c7-b8f5-fbb8c225a695;GPP|#df0a3405-0ca1-4617-8047-15a034219feeLearn all about HIV/AIDS in Cape Town, what you can do to prevent being infected, and where to0



Health: HIV Symptoms Poster875171GP0|#591e1d8b-7507-4dd3-8a9a-59b5cdd318c6;L0|#0591e1d8b-7507-4dd3-8a9a-59b5cdd318c6|Poster;GTSet|#f1e8889f-f7d7-4d5b-a3f5-af0ca2e076ea;GPP|#5340fe0b-73a7-472c-bef7-04e450fb5c4f;GPP|#0972c695-fd19-46c4-ab5d-9601f17b780e2015-12-31T22:00:00Z



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