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Understanding rape and sexual assault <span> <h2 class="sectHeading">​​​​​​​​​​What is rape?​​​​​​​</h2> </span> <p> <strong>​Sexual abuse and assault is taken very seriously in this country. Please make a note of these legal conditions:</strong></p><ul><li>Sex and any other sexual act should only occur with agreement or permission by everyone involved.</li><li>Sexual acts with someone under the age of 16 are considered a sexual crime – even if there is “consent”.​</li></ul><p>According to the law, “any person ('A') who unlawfully and intentionally commits an act of sexual penetration with a complainant ('B'), <strong>without the consent of B</strong>, is guilty of the offence of rape”. </p><p>Rape is a violent crime in which a person uses sex (or sexual acts) to intentionally hurt another person. If you have not said “yes” or agreed to the act, it is rape. Consent means ‘saying yes’.</p><p> Sexual penetration is when genital organs, body parts or objects penetrate to any extent the genitals or any other part of the body of another person. [<em>Source: </em> <a href="https://rapecrisis.org.za/" target="_blank"> <em>Rape Crisis Cape Town Trust</em><i class="icon link-external"></i></a>]</p><p> <strong>Sexual assault </strong>is any other sexual act or threat of sexual act that doesn’t fit the definition of rape and that occurs without a victim’s consent. Sex should be something you do willingly. You should not, and don’t have to, have sex with someone else<strong> if you don’t want to. </strong>If you say “YES” to sex, because you <strong>want to </strong>and don’t feel forced to, only then are you are giving your consent. </p> <span> <div class="notification with-heading dark-copy pink bg-light-grey"><div class="graphic with-border"> <i class="info remember">​​​</i> </div><div class="desc"><h4>Remember</h4><p> You always have the right to say “<strong>NO</strong>”!</p></div></div></span><span> <h2 class="sectHeading">​​​​​​​​​​What if I change my mind? </h2></span> <p> Sometimes the situation can get confusing, especially if you change your mind and are worried about offending the other person. <strong>Don’t be. </strong>In the same way, if you want to have sex with someone and they are not sure if they want to, you can’t force them or make them feel they have to.</p><p> <strong>Facts about rape:</strong></p><ul><li>South Africa has the highest reported rape rate in the world.</li><li>Many rape victims know their rapist.</li><li> <a href="https://rapecrisis.org.za/" target="_blank">Rape Crisis Cape Town Trust<i class="icon link-external"></i></a> suggests that only 50% of rape victims report their rape.</li><li>Both men and women can be raped or sexually assaulted.</li><li>According to the City of Cape Town’s <a href="https://resource.capetown.gov.za/documentcentre/Documents/City%20research%20reports%20and%20review/State_of_Cape_Town_2014.pdf" target="_blank">State of Cape Town 2014 Report</a>, there has been a consistent, gradual decrease in all sexual crimes since 2004/5. This is also true for South Africa as a whole.</li></ul> <span> <h2 class="sectHeading">​​​​​​​​​​It’s about your basic rights​​​​​​​</h2> </span> <ul><li>You always have the right to say “no”!</li><li>Sex and any other sexual act should only occur with agreement or permission of everyone involved.</li><li>Sexual acts with someone under the age of 16 are considered a sexual crime – even if there is “consent”.</li><li>If your partner or spouse forces you to have sex and you have not given your consent, it is still rape. This is referred to as marital rape. </li></ul><div class="notification with-heading dark-copy pink bg-light-grey"><div class="graphic with-border"> <i class="info note">​​​</i> </div><div class="desc"><h4>Please note</h4><p> Find out more about violence or abuse in the home in our <a href="https://www.capetown.gov.za/Family%20and%20home/Safety-in-the-home/Domestic-abuse">domest​ic abuse section​</a>.</p></div></div><p> <strong>Even if you said “yes” and are not resisting, it is still rape if: </strong></p><ul><li>you are forced into the act by violence or the threat of violence to yourself, a loved one or to your property;</li><li>you are drunk, drugged, asleep or unconscious;</li><li>you are younger than 16 years old or mentally challenged;</li><li>you are led to believe by a superior (e.g. boss or teacher) that refusing sex will risk your position at work or at the learning institute; or</li><li>you are led to believe a professional or someone in authority that the sexual act is needed for your physical, emotional or spiritual health.</li></ul> <span> <h2 class="sectHeading">​​​​​​​​​​Getting help ​​​​​​​</h2></span><span> <div class="mobile-scroll">​​<br> <table> <caption> <strong>​How to get help if you have been raped</strong></caption> <thead><tr><th colspan="1">​SCENARIO </th><th>WHERE TO GO</th><th>WHAT TO EXPECT</th></tr></thead><tbody><tr><td rowspan="3" colspan="1">​<strong>Emergency: I am badly hurt. </strong> ​ ​</td><td><p style="text-align:center;"> <strong>Call <em><a>107</a></em> </strong></p><p style="text-align:center;"> City of Cape Town’s General Emergency number</p><p style="text-align:center;"> <strong>OR</strong></p><p style="text-align:center;"> <strong> <em> <a>10177</a></em> </strong></p><p style="text-align:center;"> National Emergency Medical Care Number</p><p style="text-align:center;"> <strong>OR</strong></p></td><td>The operator will direct you to your nearest clinic/hospital or organise an ambulance if necessary.</td></tr><tr><td><p style="text-align:center;">Visit one of the <a href="https://www.westerncape.gov.za/assets/departments/health/sexual_abuse_and_rape_specialist_clinics_and_hospitals.pdf" target="_blank">Province’s specialist rape and sexual abuse clinics<i class="icon link-external"></i></a></p><p style="text-align:center;">(for women and men over the age of 14 years)</p><p style="text-align:center;"> <strong>OR</strong></p></td><td>You will interviewed and counselled by a health worker in a private room/area. If you want to report the rape, a police officer will be asked to come to the health facility to get a statement and a medical exam will be performed.</td></tr><tr><td><p style="text-align:center;">Visit your nearest clinic or one of the <a href="https://www.westerncape.gov.za/assets/departments/health/sexual_abuse_and_rape_specialist_clinics_and_hospitals.pdf" target="_blank">province's specialist rape and sexual abuse clinics<i class="icon link-external"></i></a> </p></td><td>Your injuries will be treated and you will be given you medication to prevent<a href="https://www.capetown.gov.za/Family%20and%20home/Personal-health/Sexual-health/Hiv-and-aids"> HIV/AIDS</a>, other <a href="https://www.capetown.gov.za/Local%20and%20communities/Community-health-and-safety/Contagious-and-chronic-diseases/Get-wise-to-stis">STIs</a> and unwanted pregnancy. </td></tr><tr><td rowspan="1" colspan="1">​<strong>I’ve reported a rape and I need a medical examination</strong></td><td rowspan="1">​ <p style="text-align:center;">One of the <a href="https://www.westerncape.gov.za/assets/departments/health/sexual_abuse_and_rape_specialist_clinics_and_hospitals.pdf" target="_blank">province’s specialist rape and sexual abuse clinics<i class="icon link-external"></i></a> can perform the medical exam.</p><p style="text-align:center;">Alternatively the police station will refer you to the nearest clinic/hospital.</p></td><td rowspan="1">​ <p>The medical examination is usually done by a state doctor. The doctor will give you medication to prevent <a href="https://www.capetown.gov.za/Family%20and%20home/Personal-health/Sexual-health/Hiv-and-aids">HIV/AIDS</a>, other <a href="https://www.capetown.gov.za/Local%20and%20communities/Community-health-and-safety/Contagious-and-chronic-diseases/Get-wise-to-stis">STIs</a> and unwanted pregnancy.</p><p>If you decide to visit a private doctor, make sure they are trained in collecting forensic evidence and will go to court if necessary.</p></td></tr><tr><td rowspan="1" colspan="1">​<strong>I’ve reported a rape and I have been for a medical examination.</strong></td><td rowspan="1">​You will be asked to give a detailed statement. This may take place at the specialist provincial clinic or at the relevant police station. </td><td rowspan="1">​Your statement will be given to a detective (investigating officer) who will be the only police person to know about the details of the case.</td></tr><tr><td rowspan="1" colspan="1">​​<strong>I need advice, counselling and other support</strong>.</td><td rowspan="1">​ <p style="text-align:center;">Visit a social worker at your local <a href="https://www.capetown.gov.za/Departments/Social%20Development%20and%20Early%20Childhood%20Development%20Department">Social Development Office</a>.<br></p><p style="text-align:center;"> <a href="https://www.westerncape.gov.za/service/reporting-rape#9" target="_blank">Find a full list of organisations<i class="icon link-external"></i></a> working with survivors of rape in the Western </p></td><td rowspan="1">​A professional will assist with counselling for you and your family (if required).</td></tr></tbody></table></div> <p>[​<em>Sources: <a href="https://www.westerncape.gov.za/public-entity/south-african-police-service" target="_blank">Western Cape Government<i class="icon link-external"></i></a>]</em></p> <h2 class="sectHeading">How to report rape​​​​​​​​​​​​​​​​​</h2> <p> When reporting rape, please take note of the following tips below. These will help you know your rights to privacy and decent treatment. </p> <ul><li>You do not have to report rape to the police. However, if a child or person with any mental impairment has been raped, the law states that a case must be opened with the police.</li><li>When reporting a rape, no police station may turn you away or refer you to another station.</li><li>There is no time limit for reporting a rape case. However, it is best to report the rape as soon as possible to increase the chance of the rapist being prosecuted.</li><li>When reporting the rape, you should be taken to a private space e.g. office or trauma room.</li><li>You can ask to speak to a woman police official. However, one may not always be available.</li><li>After reporting a rape, you should be referred for a medical examination. This is usually done by a state doctor.</li><li>You do not have to give all the details of the rape when reporting it. you will be asked for a detailed statement of what happened during the rape after the medical examination.</li><li>The information you provide about the rape should be kept confidential.</li></ul> <p> <em>[Sources: </em><a href="https://www.saps.gov.za/" target="_blank"><em> SAPS</em></a><a href="https://www.saps.gov.za/" target="_blank"><span class="icon link-external"></span></a>, <a href="https://rapecrisis.org.za/" target="_blank"> <em>Rape Crisis Cape Town Trust</em><span class="icon link-external"></span></a><em>]</em></p> <div class="notification with-heading dark-copy pink bg-light-grey"><div class="graphic with-border"> <i class="info note">​​​</i> </div><div class="desc"><h4>Please note</h4><p>If you decide not to report the rape, you must still get medical treatment to avoid unwanted pregnancy and infection by <a href="https://www.capetown.gov.za/Family%20and%20home/Personal-health/Sexual-health/Hiv-and-aids">HIV/AIDS</a> and other STIs.</p></div></div> <h2 class="sectHeading">​​​​​​​​​​Avoid rape​​​​​​​</h2> <p> Cape Town can be a dangerous place. Taking note of these safety tips can help you avoid dangerous situations. </p> <ul><li>Never walk alone in a dark or deserted areas – especially at night.</li><li>Trust your intuition – if you’re not feeling safe, leave!</li><li>To avoid getting lost, make sure you know how to get to your destination.</li><li>To avoid breaking down on the road, make sure your vehicle is trustworthy.</li><li>Never hitchhike or pick up hitchhikers.</li><li>Be alert at traffic lights and stop streets.</li><li>Never go home with someone you don’t know.</li><li>Keep a whistle with you - and blow it if you need help.</li><li>Never tell anyone that you are alone at home – and make sure your children know this to.</li><li>Do not allow a stranger into your home. If the person is delivering something or providing a service, ask for id or phone his/her office to check his/her identity.</li></ul> <p> <em>[Source: </em> <a href="https://www.saps.gov.za/"> <em>SAPS</em></a><em>]</em></p> <p>Look out for any women walking alone. If you see anyone who has been hurt, and you have help with you, stop and see if they need assistance. </p> <p> <strong>The City runs a number of community programmes for vulnerable women which you can get involved in such as: </strong><br><a href="https://www.capetown.gov.za/City-Connect/Activities-and-programmes/Support-and-safety/mitchells-plain-network-opposing-women-abuse">Mitchells Plain Network Opposing Women Abuse</a><br><a href="https://www.capetown.gov.za/City-Connect/Activities-and-programmes/Support-and-safety/the-mosaic-social-ill-support-programme">Mosaic Social Ill Support Programme</a></p> </span>GP0|#883440d8-5a8f-4264-873c-2a5d746902f6;L0|#0883440d8-5a8f-4264-873c-2a5d746902f6|Understanding rape and sexual assault;GTSet|#ef3a64a2-d764-44bc-9d69-3a63d3fadea1;GPP|#29d3d5b5-6925-47c8-aa75-e5870bf478ca;GPP|#090e430c-3809-42d5-a80b-caea93b2beaf;GPP|#245ec7aa-a528-4cd3-bcac-597c292db711;GP0|#fb836012-d628-4015-8259-d3df660581cc;L0|#0fb836012-d628-4015-8259-d3df660581cc|Understanding rape and sexual assault;GPP|#2e91f663-1e15-45c7-b8f5-fbb8c225a695;GPP|#df0a3405-0ca1-4617-8047-15a034219feeUnderstand what rape is, know your basic rights, and find out where you can go for help

 

 

2014 State of Cape Town Development Report20500887GP0|#b635c1b2-3936-458f-87a1-b80ec54ceafb;L0|#0b635c1b2-3936-458f-87a1-b80ec54ceafb|Development report;GTSet|#f1e8889f-f7d7-4d5b-a3f5-af0ca2e076ea;GPP|#74dbb0ce-0b0a-42e0-958b-10ee25e7fefd;GPP|#0972c695-fd19-46c4-ab5d-9601f17b780e2013-12-31T22:00:00Z

 

 

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