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Measles <h2 class="sectHeading">​​​​​​​​​​About​​​​​​​</h2><p>Measles is a highly contagious disease caused by a virus. It is normally passed on from person to person through direct contact, and through the air. The virus infects the respiratory tract, then spreads throughout the body. </p><div>It is one of the leading causes of death among young children, despite a safe and effective preventative vaccine.</div><div> <br> </div><h2 class="sectHeading">​​​​​​​​​​Signs and symptoms​​​​​​​</h2><div>Look out for the following:<br></div><div><ul><li>high fever, which begins about 10 to 12 days after exposure to the virus, and lasts 4 to 7 days. </li><li>coughing, red and watery eyes, running nose and small white spots inside the cheeks can develop in the initial stage. </li><li>approximately 14 days after exposure to the virus, a rash occurs on the face and upper neck. It looks like small, red, flat spots and does not form blisters. It is also not itchy or painful. </li><li>the rash spreads over the body over 3 days and fades after 5 or 6 days. </li></ul></div><h2 class="sectHeading">​​​​​​​​​​Who is at risk?​​​​​​​</h2><div>Unvaccinated young children are at highest risk of measles and its complications, including death. Others at risk include unvaccinated pregnant women and anyone who has not been vaccinated. If you were vaccinated but did not develop immunity, you are also at risk.</div><div> <br> </div><h2 class="sectHeading">​​​​​​​​​​Treatment​​​​​​​</h2><div>There is no specific antiviral treatment exists for measles. However, you can avoid serious complications by:</div><div><ul><li>drinking enough fluids,</li><li>treating dehydration with an oral rehydration solution to replace fluids lost through diarrhoea and vomiting;</li><li>taking paracetamol;</li><li>wiping down the body with a lukewarm cloth to treat fever.</li></ul></div><div>If a related infection, or pneumonia, occurs, a healthcare provider may prescribe antibiotics.</div><div> <br> </div><h2 class="sectHeading">​​​​​​​​​​Prevention​​​​​​​</h2><div>Routine measles vaccination for children. The vaccine is safe, effective, inexpensive and has been in use for more than 50 years. Two doses of the measles vaccine are recommended to ensure immunity and prevent outbreaks.</div><div> <br> </div><h2 class="sectHeading">​​​​​​​​​​Complications​​​​​​​</h2><div>Complications are more common in children under the age of 5, or adults over the age of 20. However, they are more serious in infants under the age of 2, and malnourished children. Most measles-related deaths are caused by complications associated with the disease.</div><div> <br> </div><div>The most serious complications include: </div><div><ul><li>blindness;</li><li>severe diarrhoea and related dehydration;</li><li>ear infections;</li><li>severe respiratory infections such as pneumonia, encephalitis (an infection that causes brain swelling); and</li><li>death.<br></li></ul></div><h2 class="sectHeading">​​​​​​​​​​Contact us​​​​​​​</h2><div>For more information, contact your <a href="https://www.capetown.gov.za/Explore%20and%20enjoy/See-all-city-facilities/our-service-facilities/Clinics%20and%20healthcare%20facilities">nearest clinic or healthcare facility</a>.</div><div> <br> </div><div>If you find yourself in an emergency situation, contact <strong>107</strong> from a landline, or <em><a>021 480 7700</a></em> from a cellphone.<br></div> <br> <br> <p> <br> </p>GP0|#28a2ba0e-f7ea-4ecf-8a5b-f336fd99b7ed;L0|#028a2ba0e-f7ea-4ecf-8a5b-f336fd99b7ed|Measles;GTSet|#ef3a64a2-d764-44bc-9d69-3a63d3fadea1;GPP|#78333cb0-bf6b-46a3-b144-f2c3249ddb09;GPP|#090e430c-3809-42d5-a80b-caea93b2beaf;GPP|#245ec7aa-a528-4cd3-bcac-597c292db711Find out about measles, as well as the prevention and treatment methods.0

 

 

 

 

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